Firefly Salon Mon, 23 Aug 2021 02:23:10 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Firefly Salon 32 32 What the new child care rules mean to you Mon, 23 Aug 2021 00:27:39 +0000

Your work permit or identity document issued by your employer must be presented to daycare centers, kindergartens and education centers.

To obtain the permit, download the form on the authorized work permit page. The permit must be valid and certified by an employer.

Parents and guardians of vulnerable children can also access day care centers, kindergartens and preschool education centers. A permit is not required for this.

Home childcare is permitted for children of licensed workers or vulnerable children and a permit is not required for this.

Can a babysitter come to my house?


Yes, you can ask a babysitter to come to your home, according to the government website.

Victorians are allowed to leave home to provide childcare assistance (whether paid or voluntary).

Babysitters should wear a face mask (with some exceptions) and should maintain a physical distance of 1.5 meters where possible.

Grandparents and elderly parents are “strongly advised” not to look after children because of the risk to themselves.

I cannot access daycare now. Who will bear the cost?

There is some uncertainty as to whether all centers will waive the fee, given the large numbers affected by the ban on non-essential workers.

Unlike the Victorian lockdown of 2020, the federal government has yet to announce additional support to cover the loss of gap fees, which can represent up to 60% of a centre’s revenue.

How will the parents do the job?

There is uncertainty for parents as to how much work they will be able to accomplish while staying at home with their young children.


Parent advocates are pleading with companies to show compassion to families and let workers know they wouldn’t expect high levels of productivity under current restrictions.

However, Tim Piper, of the Australian Industry Group, said companies have also been under extreme financial pressure since the pandemic took hold in March of last year, and that employees should also “do this. that they must ”by their employer and take“ annual leave, seniority leave or even sick leave ”.

“Families, not all but often, have two parents, so there is a reasonable expectation that both parents will support the children… and that is why, in all circumstances, there should be a sharing of responsibilities,” he said. Mr Piper said.

“It is reasonable to take [leave] … Some of these companies are going through very difficult times, and it’s up to all of us to put our shoulders to the wheel.

Can my children go to school for on-site learning?

Schools are only open for vulnerable children, or children of authorized workers if they do not work from home.

School-aged children of authorized workers cannot attend school if a parent is an authorized worker and works from home.

Stay informed of the most crucial developments related to the pandemic with the coronavirus update. Subscribe to the weekly newsletter.

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Nib boss warns of lockdowns, virus fears equate to less health treatment Mon, 23 Aug 2021 00:08:22 +0000

The boss of health insurer Nib has warned that persistent coronavirus lockdowns will result in fewer health treatments across the country, making it difficult for the company to predict future profits.

Mark Fitzgibbon said Monday morning that the fund would target policyholder growth of between 2-3% in 2022 – but with membership expected to rise, it was difficult to predict exactly how many claims would be made.

Nib recorded an 84% increase in net profits for fiscal 2021, reaching $ 160.5 million.Credit:Chris Hopkins

“There will be fewer health treatments of all kinds as long as the blockages persist, people will continue to fear infection and social distancing will reduce the incidence of other diseases,” he said.

Nib recorded an 84% increase in net profits for fiscal 2021, reaching $ 160.5 million. The company has confirmed that it will hand over $ 15 million to eligible members as an automatic adjustment of their next bounty payments to continue supporting its base throughout the pandemic.

Profits were slightly lower than Bloomberg’s consensus estimate of $ 168 million in revenue.

Nib also recorded a fully paid final dividend of 14c, up from 4c in the same period last year. Mr. Fitzgibbon warned that like 2020, the 2021 financial result was not, however, a “normal” year for the insurer. Nib had recorded provisions last year to account for ‘catch-up’ treatments delayed by coronavirus lockdowns, but the rebound had been slower than expected.

“Although there was some catching up with deferred treatment during the year, it was less than initially expected. This is probably best explained by people’s continued fear of COVID-19 infection and ongoing blockages, ”Mr. Fitzgibbon said.

The fund has retained a provision of $ 34 million for future remedial requests. It achieved 4.2% total policyholder growth for 2021, and total premium income grew nearly 5% to $ 2.2 billion.

Conditions were much less favorable in the company’s international and travel insurance divisions, however, as travel-related revenue fell 74% for the year.

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Tropical Storm Henri – Guidance and Resource Page Sun, 22 Aug 2021 17:51:52 +0000

The National Weather Service has announced that Tropical Storm Henri is expected to make landfall in New England on Sunday, August 22. Current forecasts indicate that the storm will move towards Holyoke this afternoon and last until Monday morning. We could receive 4 to 8 inches of rain and wind gusts of 50 to 60 miles per hour. We anticipate localized flooding in the streets and power outages. The power outages could be of long duration due to the magnitude of the storm. Please check sumps and storm sewers near your residence and clean up any debris that may be blocking them to help prevent flooding. If possible, please stay home and off the road. If you see any flooded roads, turn around. Stay away from downed power lines. Secure all loose objects in your yard. Call 911 only for immediate emergencies. During this weather event, please pay attention to your neighbors. Please refrain from using candles in case of power failure. Flashlights are a much safer option.

If you have a portable generator, make sure it’s plugged in properly and being used outdoors, away from any openings in your home. Generators produce carbon monoxide which is fatal if it enters your home.

During the storm, you can monitor outages throughout the city using the regularly updated HG&E outage map.

Stay safe, we will provide additional information on our Facebook page as this event develops.

Here is more detailed information of

What to do during a hurricane

  • Avoid driving or going out during a storm. Floods and destructive winds can make travel dangerous.
  • If you must be in the storm:
    • Do not walk in flowing water. Six inches of fast moving water can knock you off your feet.
    • Remember the phrase “Turn around, don’t drown!” »Do not drive on flooded roads. Cars can be washed away in just two feet of moving water. If your vehicle is trapped in fast moving water, stay in the vehicle. If the water rises inside the vehicle, seek shelter on the roof.
    • Do not bypass road barriers.
  • Continue to monitor the media for emergency information.
  • Follow the instructions of public safety officials.
  • If you are advised to evacuate, do so immediately. Take only the essentials and bring your pets if possible.
  • If you are told to shelter in place:
    • Stay indoors and away from windows.
    • Listen to local TV or radio for updates.
    • Conditions can change quickly; be prepared to evacuate to a shelter or a neighbor’s house if necessary.

What to do after a hurricane has passed

  • Continue to monitor the media for emergency information.
  • Follow the instructions of public safety officials.
  • Call 9-1-1 to report emergencies, including power line failures and gas leaks.
  • Call 2-1-1 for shelter locations and other disaster information.
  • Stay away from fallen electrical cables. Always assume that a failed power line is live.
  • Remember the phrase “Turn around, don’t drown!” »Do not drive on flooded roads. Cars can be washed away in just two feet of moving water.
  • Stay away from damaged buildings and affected areas and / or roads until authorities deem them safe.
  • If you have evacuated, do not return home until authorities say it is safe to do so.
  • Listen to news reports to find out if your water supply is safe to drink. Until local authorities declare that your water supply is safe, boil the water for at least one minute before drinking it or using it for food preparation.
  • Check your house for damage:
    • Never touch electrical equipment when wet or standing in water. Consider hiring a qualified electrician to assess damage to electrical systems.
    • Have wells checked for bacteria and chemical contamination before using them.
    • Have damaged septic tanks or leach systems repaired as soon as possible to reduce potential health risks.
    • If you think there is a gas leak, get out immediately and do not turn on or off any switches or electrical devices. If you have turned off your gas, a licensed professional is required to turn it back on.
    • If your home or property is damaged, take photos or videos to document the damage and contact your insurance company.
  • In the event of a power failure, follow our safety tips in the event of a power failure.
    • Report power outages to your utility company.
    • Use generators and grills outdoors as their fumes contain carbon monoxide. Make sure your carbon monoxide detectors are working as it is a silent and odorless killer. See more generator safety tips.
    • If a traffic light is out, treat the intersection as a four-lane stop.
  • If the phone lines are cut, use social media or text to let others know you’re okay.
  • Look before you walk. After a hurricane or flood, soil and floors can become covered with debris, including broken bottles and nails.
  • Avoid entering moving or stagnant flood water. Flood water and sludge can be contaminated with oil, gasoline or raw sewage.
  • Clean and disinfect anything that has gotten wet and take steps to prevent and detect mold. Consider hiring professional cleaning and repair services. See more tips for recovering from a flood.
  • Throw away foods (including canned foods) that have come in contact with flood water, have been exposed to temperatures above 40 ° F for more than two hours, or have an unusual smell, color or texture. If in doubt, throw it out!
  • Be a good neighbor. Check on family, friends and neighbors, especially the elderly, those who live alone, those with health problems, and those who may need extra help.
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Researchers assess resistance to IBI for treatment of melanoma Sun, 22 Aug 2021 15:34:14 +0000

“Melanoma responds poorly to chemotherapy and interferon therapy, but relatively recent findings on the biology of melanoma at the molecular level have led to the development of new treatment options: IBIs and targeted therapies,” they explained. .

As patients were previously limited to treatment with chemotherapy and dacarbazine, the introduction of ICI in melanoma has been “revolutionary”, despite combined ICIs sometimes resulting in high toxicity in patients. In addition, one study found that “in almost a third of patients with metastatic melanoma who initially responded to ICI treatment, there was melanoma progression within 3 years,” the researchers said.

Ipilimumab, a monoclonal antibody to immune checkpoint cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), was the first ICI approved for advanced melanoma. Activation of CTLA-4 plays a role in T cell suppression and acts as a T cell inhibitor, thereby promoting apoptosis. Regulatory T cells (Treg) also maintain tolerance by using CTLA-4 to suppress effector T cells.

“Although the antitumor effects of ipilimumab are not fully understood, blocking CTLA-4 has been found to allow improved priming of T cells through more efficient antigen presentation and reduced Treg function. which leads to more abundant infiltration of effector T cells into the tumor. microenvironment (TME), ”the authors explained.

Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), a second checkpoint protein, also contributes to self-tolerance but is expressed in the effector phase of the immune response, unlike CTLA-4. Nivolumab and pembrolizumab label 2 anti-PD-1 axis monoclonal antibodies approved for the treatment of melanoma.

The mutational load in malignant cells and the expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules on their surface may be predictive of a good response to IBI.

“Primary resistance to PD-1-based immunotherapy is manifested in 40% to 65% and with treatment with ipilimumab in more than 70% of melanoma patients,” the researchers said. Tumor mutational load (TMB) and tumor immunogenicity may affect the first stage of the cancer immune cycle, while T cell migration through the endothelium and infiltration of the tumor niche may be affected in the latter stage. . Several mechanisms can also attenuate T cell toxicity, which can lead to uncontrolled proliferation of malignant cells.

“An immunosuppressed environment results in escape mechanisms for malignant cells, allowing tumor progression. Since currently available ICIs reverse inhibitory signals from the tumor to effector T cells, all factors that attenuate T cells at any stage of the anti-tumor immune response make ICI therapy less effective, ”he said. wrote the authors.

Despite a study showing that TMB was positively correlated with overall survival in patients treated with IBI, and another finding that higher TMB was a positive prognostic factor for different types of tumors treated with IBI, researchers have cautioned that other studies imply that this is not a unique predictive biomarker of IBI. efficacy on all types of tumors.

Another potential route of resistance to ICI involves dendritic cells (DC). “It has been observed, for example, that the accumulation of lipids in DCs leads to their attenuated response to tumor antigens,” the authors explained, adding that “any factor which alters the maturation or function of DCs also contributed resistance to ICI “.

Additional factors that may contribute to the primary resistance mechanisms of ICI include T cell trafficking and infiltration of TME, immunosuppressive TME, and gut microbiome composition.

With respect to acquired resistance, which develops after a period of clinical response to treatment after which tumor progression occurs, the changes that lead to this event may take place at the level of the cell population or at the level of individual cells. .

According to the researchers, poor presentation of the antigen contributes to acquired resistance to ICI. More specifically, like “the loss of beta 2 microglobulin (B2M), a component of MHC class I molecules that is involved in the priming of CD8 + cells, results in an alteration of the regulatory process of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). B2M mutations associated with loss of MHC I expression have been observed to be present in patients who have developed acquired resistance to ICI.

The Janus kinase 1 and 2 signaling pathway / transducer and activator signal of transcription (JAK 1, 2 / STAT), the lymphocyte activation gene 3 expressed on the surface of T cells, and T immunoglobulin and mucin domain 3 have also been implicated in acquired resistance to ICI.

Regarding the development of therapeutic strategies for melanoma, the authors propose the simultaneous inhibition of 2 or more immune checkpoints as the next logical step. Additional options include the combination of radiation therapy and PD-1 / programmed 1 death ligand inhibitor therapy or modification of the gut microbiome.

“Recently, a published clinical study reported success in returning to anti-PD-1 resistance in 6 of 15 patients in whom faecal microbiota transplantation was performed, linking the change in gut microbiota to the response. to anti-PD-1 therapy, ”the researchers said.

New immune checkpoints are also being explored for the treatment of melanoma, although the barrier to avoiding severe toxicity resulting from drug combinations presents a challenge.

Overall, “we see that despite the revolution which [immune checkpoint inhibition] has caused melanoma patients, effective treatment still has a long way to go, ”the authors concluded. “A combination of current and future drugs targeting different resistance mechanisms appears to be a reasonable solution, but agents with less toxic effects are still needed.”


Vukadin S, Khaznadar F, Kizivat T, Vcev A, Smolic M. Molecular mechanisms of resistance to immune checkpoint inhibitors in the treatment of melanoma: an update. Biomedicine. Published online July 18, 2021. doi: 10.3390 / biomedicines9070835

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What is Sharia law? And how did Afghan women behave under the Taliban? Sun, 22 Aug 2021 15:00:43 +0000

The Taliban, an extremist militant group, took control of the Afghan capital as US troops withdrew from much of the country.

The group said it would rule the country on the basis of Sharia, or Islamic law, and many Afghan nationals said they feared the Taliban would reverse the harsh interpretation seen when the group ruled the country. Afghanistan for the last time in the 1990s.

The Taliban has previously imposed severe penalties, including death sentences, for offenses related to adultery, blasphemy, disrespecting dress codes, working with the US government, and more.

Abed Awad, a lawyer and sharia law expert, said the Taliban’s use of sharia, or “Islamic law” to describe their legal system, has led to a misunderstanding of religious practice.

“What you see in the news is the politicization of Sharia law, seeing it only as a movement for political elections or for government,” Awad said. “People miss this beautiful moral and ethical framework that a Muslim has to do in his day-to-day business.”

What is Sharia law?

Sharia is the moral guide that many Muslims follow and which operates on the basis of the teaching of the Quran, the holy book of Islam, according to the Middle East Institute. Sharia law helps Muslims in day-to-day decision-making, guiding people through interpersonal conflicts, responsibilities, health-related and financial decisions.

“It guides us to be righteous humans, to be good neighbors, compassionate mothers, caregiver fathers, loyal spouses, protective parents, caring for the elderly,” Awad said. “This is what it really means to 1.8 billion Muslims around the world.”

For example, Awad said, some Muslim women wear the hijab and some do not – the two groups interpret the principle of modesty differently.

The teachings of the sacred texts, Hadith and Sunnah, often supplement Sharia. Hadith is a collection of writings on the life of the Prophet Muhammad and Sunnah is a collection of practices, deeds, words and actions. These also help guide many Muslims in their moral choices.

Awad said that the result of Sharia is “Fiqh”, which means “understanding” in Arabic. It refers to the moral and ethical understanding that is gained from Sharia – the rules that one sets for oneself on the basis of Islamic guidelines.

But there is not a single understanding of Sharia law, according to Awad.

Many Islamic scholars and experts have stated that the Taliban interpretation is an extremist interpretation and is implemented as a strict legal system instead of a moral code for the individual.

“They are using Sharia as a weapon to give them some legitimacy,” Awad said. Claiming that their strict and violent legal system is based on religious grounds, Awad said it was apparently being used as a justification.

How has the Taliban applied Sharia law in the past?

During the Taliban’s rule in the 1990s, the group imposed harsh and dangerous interpretations of Sharia law as law, experts said.

“It was a very brutal society,” said Elizabeth Neumann, an ABC News contributor and former US homeland security official. “It was their way of staying in control. If you got off the line – whatever the rules – you risked being executed or stoned or mistreated in some way.”

Neumann said those accused of violating “Islamic law” could be stoned to death, have their hands cut off or face public execution.

It is not known exactly how many people were killed or maimed by the Taliban for alleged violations.

Many Afghan nationals currently trying to escape fear what a return to power might mean for those who spoke out against the Taliban, or those who aided the Afghan and US governments.

According to the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan, which documents civilian casualties, the Taliban are responsible for 39% of the 5,183 civilian casualties so far in 2021.

The United States had planned to completely withdraw American troops from Afghanistan by August 31, but President Joe Biden told ABC News’ George Stephanopoulos that the deadline could be extended until every American is out of the country.

How does this affect the rights of women in Afghanistan?

A member of the Taliban’s cultural commission, Enamullah Samangani, said the Taliban would provide women with “an environment in which to work and study” and that women would now be present in their government.

Taliban officials have vowed to continue to honor women’s rights “in accordance with Islamic law,” but many Afghan women fear what will actually happen, according to refugees with relatives in Afghanistan.

“They claim they are changing, but I know they are not,” said an ex-Afghan refugee named Shabnam, who was only able to share her first name because she feared for her safety. family in Afghanistan. “They are just waiting for the American troops to leave the country.”

She said the Taliban had yet to show signs of change.

More than 18 million women live in Afghanistan, or about half of the population, according to data compiled by the World Bank, and the majority are under 35.

Shabnam said many women in the country fear the Taliban will revert to their ’90s oppressive tactics: keeping women at home, preventing them from working or going to school, forcing them to wear the burqa from head to toe, forcing them to marry and severely punishing those who do not comply.

“In the 1990s, when they arrived, I was a little kid. I was about 13 years old, but I still remember back then, it was a nightmare for me, ”Shabnam said. “We had all these women activists, human rights activists in Afghanistan before the Taliban arrived. … When the Taliban arrived, everyone was silenced. “

“You weren’t even allowed to leave the home without a male relative escorting you, as a woman,” Neumann said. However, since the Taliban were ousted from power in much of Afghanistan in the early 2000s, steps have been taken towards equality.

“The girls went to school, the women were able to go to advanced universities and start careers, and be able to have freedoms,” Neumann added.

Because of this – and the Taliban’s use of the term “Islamic law” to describe its harsh rules, restrictions and policies – Awad said Westerners’ misunderstanding around Sharia law has fueled Islamophobia and xenophobia. .

“[People think] the idea is a totalitarian movement, that sharia is a movement that is coming to take over America, “said Awad.” Sharia covers everything from how we eat, how we treat animals, how we protect the environment, our obligation to share our wealth with the needy and the poor. … It’s a very personal lifestyle. “

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Dreams come true for children benefiting from 4Ps Sun, 22 Aug 2021 10:49:00 +0000

Pantawid Pamilyang Philippines Program (Photo courtesy of DSWD Facebook)

CITY OF CEBU – Thanks to the government program Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino (4Ps), coupled with an absolute determination to go to school, five young beneficiaries of the conditional cash grant program are on the way to making their dreams come true.

Key princes Santiago, John Nick Calambro, Leendon Gelborion, caddy Jehserf Ervich Pacure and Nicole Cagas are among the 4P children who are determined to graduate despite obstacles.

Santiago, 18, from Barangay Maglinao in Basay, Negros Oriental, is expected to enter college this year.

She graduated with honors from General Flaviano Yengko High School in Cavite while working as an assistant in a beauty salon.

Her family is one of the 4Ps beneficiary partners in Basay and she says it has helped to support them.

Her father, Francis, is a construction worker currently working in Cavite while her mother, Karen, is an active parent-leader of the 4Ps in their village.

“My parents decided that I would finish high school in Imus City because my father is also a construction worker there,” Santiago said in an interview.

The oldest of four siblings, she values ​​education and believes it is the key to achieving her dreams.

“Nothing is impossible if you work hard for your dreams. I will always be a proud child beneficiary of 4P. The program has helped me a lot to continue my studies. I wanted to be an inspiration for other children who have the same dreams as mine, ”she said.

Future teacher

Calambro de Mabinay, 15, Negros Oriental wants to be a teacher.

At a young age, he once worked on the farm to help put food on the table while doing household chores such as cooking, washing clothes and feeding the chickens in their backyard.

His parents separated when he was only five years old and he has only vague memories of his mother.

He and his younger sister, Rhian Mae, would be left in the care of their aunt or grandfather, who live near their home.

Often they were left alone whenever their father worked on the sugarcane farm.

When their family became a member of 4Ps, it increased her father’s income.

It would only be for a while, as his father left them in 2017 to be with his new partner in Cebu, leaving Calambro and his sister with their grandfather.

Lisud gyud to kay wala naman si Dad ug wala na siya nagpadala namo mao nga naka-undang ko og usa ka tuig sa eskwela aron makatabang sa bukid (Life was difficult because our father left us and he doesn’t send us any more support. So I have to leave school for a year to work on the farm, “he recalls.

With the help and encouragement of the 4Ps Municipal Links (ML) and parent leaders, he returned to school. They also asked his father to return the 4Ps payment card.

The ML processed the change and made the boy the beneficiary.

Now the siblings are back to school, their aunt regularly attends the 4Ps Family Development Session (FDS), while Calambro does odd jobs helping his grandfather and selling vegetables for extra income.

Paninguhaon nako nga makahuman og eskwela aron makab-ot nako akong pangandoy nga mahimong teacher (I would strive to complete my studies to fulfill my dream of teaching), ”he said, inspired by the dedication and patience of his mentors.

Bisan paman sa among naagian sa akong igsuon magpadayon gihapon kami sa pag-eskwela (Despite the difficulties that my sister and I face, we will continue to study), ”he said, sharing his excitement about entering ninth grade.

Incoming freshmen

The natives of Cebu, Gelborion d’Argao and Pacure de Liloan and Cagas de Batuan, Bohol all graduated from high school with flying colors.

“Being a 4P recipient has helped me realize my vision of completing my education through hard work and responsibilities,” Gelborion said.

Pacure, meanwhile, encouraged all students to “work hard, continue to inspire others and spread positivity.”

“The life of a student is full of ups and downs. Whatever the outcome, it is always a pleasant ride. With the help of the 4P program, I managed to complete my high school education and experience a unique journey, ”Cagas explained.

4Ps provides conditional cash grants to the poorest of the poor and keeps children aged 0-18 healthy and in school.

The program is implemented by the Ministry of Social Protection and Development, with the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Education and the National Authority for the Economy and Development as partners.

Households receive cash grants if children stay in school, have regular check-ups, and have their growth monitored.

Parents or guardians are required to participate in the monthly community SDS where they receive counseling on child discipline, disaster preparedness and women’s rights. (ANP)

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Is the Taliban’s treatment of women really inspired by Sharia law? | Women’s rights Sun, 22 Aug 2021 06:03:30 +0000

According to Human Rights Watch, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), a Ugandan rebel group whose stated goal was to create a state based on the Biblical 10 Commandments, has kidnapped and killed tens of thousands of people over the years. 1990 and 2000.

Their practice of kidnapping boys into soldiers and girls into sexual slavery was documented and brought to the International Criminal Court in The Hague, resulting in an arrest warrant for Joseph. Kony, the group’s founder, along with four of its top executives, for war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Although, according to its leaders, the armed group was a Christian army acting like God, few opinion pieces have had to be written arguing that the actions of the LRA do not conform to normative Christianity. It’s just (rightly) assumed.

Unfortunately, a completely different set of rules apply when it comes to Muslims. The commentary surrounding the most recent Taliban takeover of Afghanistan is just one example.

Reports have revealed that Afghan women are being forced to marry Taliban fighters, quit their jobs and schooling, as well as endure public flogging.

Rather than calling for the extension of asylum programs or even exerting political pressure on the Taliban to reform, right-wing politicians in Europe and the United States have instead instrumentalised the current instability. in this war-torn country to score political points against their Muslim citizens and immigration. promoters.

As Muslim citizens of Western countries, we have once again found ourselves defending our community and our faith against those who wish to exploit this tragedy to propagate Islamophobic tropes – the same tropes that were used to justify the invasion of Israel. Afghanistan two decades ago.

We are now, as we were then, supposed to clarify, condemn and distinguish our faith from the actions of a militant group claiming to act on its behalf, an unjust and exhausting demand not made by our fellow Christians, regarding any armed group or criminal war claiming to be act in the name of Christ.

Yet despite the double standard, we must take these moments as opportunities to educate. So let me be clear: the normative teachings of Islam are the opposite of the reported treatment of women by the Taliban.

The teachings of Islam, in all their diversity, encourage a woman’s spiritual aspirations in the absence of an intercessor between her and God and define her identity as first and foremost a servant of the Divine, whose rights constitute a sacred covenant. In 7th century Arabia, the advance of Islam shifted a woman from property status to a fully independent agent who controlled her financial decisions and property and who had the right to choose to marry and divorce. .

What about the employment of women? From the earliest generation of believers, women served everything from medical workers to warriors. For example, Rufaida Al-Aslamia was a surgeon recognized by the Prophet for her care of the wounded, her training as nurses and her role in establishing the first field hospital for the community. Nusaybah bint Ka’ab was known as the “Prophet’s Shield” for defending him in battle, even when many men fled.

The teachings of Islam also emphasize the importance of the pursuit of knowledge, for both men and women. In fact, the world’s first known university, the University of al-Qarawiyyin in the Moroccan city of Fez, was founded over 1,000 years ago by Fatima al-Fihri, a Muslim woman. It is the oldest existing and still operating educational institution in the world.

Fatima and her sister, Mariam, were highly educated and dedicated to their faith. Upon her father’s death and her inheritance of her fortune (yes, Muslim women could inherit property centuries before their European counterparts), she and her sister decided to use their wealth to build an institution of higher education. .

The dedication of the al-Fihri sisters to the pursuit of knowledge is far from an isolated example. Four years ago, while on a speaking tour of the UK, I had the pleasure of meeting Professor Mohammad Akram Nadwi, author of an encyclopedia of the Muhaddithat, the scholars of Hadith, the collection of prophetic narratives of Islam.

He told me that he set out to write a little book about what he believed to be a handful of female Hadith scholars, and ended up completing 57 volumes (which he had to condense to 40 for publication) out of about 9,000 of them. He continues his research and says there are thousands of other women he could write about. I learned from him that many of the scholars we consider to be the pillars of our tradition have female teachers (not just female students).

It should also be noted that Dr. Nadwi set out to study only the scholars of the Hadith. Many of these women were also scholars of fiqh (law), tafsir (scriptural exegesis) and other sciences with Hadith. I remember wondering what the number would be if he had undertaken to study female scholars of Islam in general.

And yet, these realities contrast sharply with the image of Muslim women in the popular imagination, an imagination easily persuaded that the Taliban represents Islamic devotion, not deviance, in their treatment of women. According to the Institute for Social Policy and Understanding’s Islamophobia Index, the stereotype of Muslim misogyny is the most common anti-Muslim trope among Americans.

Western politicians have long instrumentalised the image of the oppressed Muslim woman needing Western saviors to justify the invasion and exploitation of Muslim lands by Europeans, and later by Americans. Although this trend dates back to the Crusades, in the modern context it takes the form of biased media coverage of Muslim women.

According to a Stanford study conducted by Dr. Rochelle Terman, who based her analysis on data collected over 35 years of reporting from the New York Times and The Washington Post, U.S. media coverage of women abroad is motivated by a bias. of confirmation. Journalists are more likely to cover women living in Muslim and Middle Eastern countries if their rights are violated, but to cover women in other societies when their rights are respected.

Some might argue that this is just a reflection of reality. Women in predominantly Muslim countries, they say, are more often raped. But this is not the case. Terman writes: “Even though nations rank more or less even on the Women’s Rights Index, women in Muslim countries suffer from misogyny, while women in Western countries are portrayed in more complex ways.

Even when their lived realities are similar, Muslim women are portrayed as more abused than their counterparts from other faiths, reproducing the false notion that misogyny is uniquely and inherently Muslim.

We must become critical consumers of information, challenge double standards and prejudices, and not allow anyone to use the actions of a militant group to propagate bigotry. This is the only way we will truly stand in solidarity with the Afghan people, women and men, who must lead any effort to support them.

The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial position of Al Jazeera.

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45 award-winning products that will save you money Sat, 21 Aug 2021 10:01:05 +0000

They’re also great for overnight protection (you can pair them with a pillow if you have heavy flow) and for people who fear leaks during sports or physical activity. Personally, I always wear these period resistant underwear or the Thinx underwear when running during my period, and it has been a MASSIVE godsend. In addition, unlike your usual underwear, you do not need to clean the blood from them. They are designed so that it rinses directly in the sink with soap and lukewarm water, and can be tossed in the washer and dryer from there.

You can read the rest of my vintage Bambody underwear review for more details!

Psst – critics love these underwear, but suggest to size!

Promising results: “These are WONDERFUL !! They are super comfortable, soft, have a slight compression, breathable, very covering, not bulky at all and super absorbent !! You also don’t have that metallic blood smell that I’m very skeptical about. So the packaging says that they recommend using them as an alternative to another menstrual product like a cup, but I tested these babies throughout my period as the only form of protection and left my cup in its drawer. I am in my thirties. I’m not a big tapper but I have some pretty busy days. For the test, I used one panty per day (24 hours) and never had any leaks, wetness, odor, discomfort or bulk. When I rinsed them in the sink after the 24 hour test, the amount of blood was amazing. When you rinse it off, there is definitely that kind of metallic old blood smell. Then I simply washed them on the delicate cycle and air dried. Super easy, takes a long time to air dry though. I will probably buy more so that I can have day and night sets. “-Becky

Get it on Amazon for $ 14.90 + (available in sizes XS-6XL, two colors and in packs of three).

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Hair experts predict these will be the biggest hair trends for fall Fri, 20 Aug 2021 14:00:00 +0000

While most of us still cling desperately to the final weeks of summer, industry experts have their eyes on the season ahead as we take our time. predictions for the biggest fall trends in the beauty and fashion world. And with so many trendy hairstyles already emerging in 2021, I was particularly keen to know what awaits us for our locks. as we head into fall.

“In the summer we all love to experiment with our hair, trying out different styles, from braids to beach waves and going for shorter haircuts that require less maintenance,” says Callum Standen-May, creative stylist at Bond Shoreditch. “However, in the fall some of us may have a hard time finding the right hairstyle or cut that will continue to look healthy in the colder months.”

Every expert I’ve spoken to has pointed out that adding a nourishing hair mask or fortifying treatment to your hair care routine was a non-negotiable for fall hair care. But what cuts, colors and styles did they predict everyone will wear?

Ahead, keep scrolling through the seven biggest fall hair trends for 2021, experts say.


1. Grungy Bobs

In one iteration or another, the humble bob is a classic hairstyle that reappears every season with a new lease of life. For fall 2021? “We’re already starting to see a lot more androgynous bobs that are very ’90s-like, ”says the celebrity hairstylist. George Northwood. “It’s a classic box bob, the same length all the way around, shapeless at the front. Just think of that cool and grungy Calvin Klein campaign from the 90s for the right vibe.”

Have the look:

Dyson Corrale straightener ($ 499)

“If you choose to try the androgynous bob, then I would recommend a good flat iron to try a flat iron wave,” says Northwood. “It gives a really subtle wave and nice texture to the hair and a nod to the grunge era of the 90s.”

Bumble and bumble Don’t Blow It Fine Hair Styler ($ 31)

The grungy bob really benefits from a bit of natural texture, so work some of this air-drying cream down the lengths of your hair and say hello to perfectly messy locks.

2. Strong bangs

It’s been a big year for bangs, and bangs are certainly not going anywhere as we move into the final months of the year. “We’ve seen curtain bangs leading the trend for 2021, but I’m so excited it’s moving into a more dramatic bang trend,” said Adam roseau, UK editorial ambassador for L’Oréal Professionnel. “Strong, choppy bangs are present and can be the perfect fit for you, be they blunt, side-swept and beyond! “

Have the look:

Moroccan Brushing concentrate ($ 28)

Bangs of any sort can always benefit from a little styling, so Reed suggests that we all “have a good look.” heat protector in [our] arsenal of hair “, and it is his weapon of choice for hair.

Denman Large thermoceramic curling brush D76 ($ 37)

There is no risk of your bangs falling flat with this Denman hairbrush that speeds up drying time thanks to its ventilated body.

3. Modern mules

Perhaps the most controversial haircut of this year, the mule will continue to be a popular choice for those looking for a more dramatic hair change for the fall. “Mules will be the go-to haircut, but don’t worry, they don’t have to be extreme, ”says Darren fowler, Kérastase expert and owner of Fowler35. “Vthe arias on this cut will be seen on everyone from fashion to the financial ensemble, and it’s about keeping the texture alive. “

Have the look:

Kerastase Genesis Thermal Defense Treatment ($ 37)

I’m always looking for my heat protectors because your hair will be dried and styled more when creating a textured, shaggy mullet, ”says Fowler. “If your hair is prone to breakage, then This one is the best. “

Wella Invigo Volume Boost Corporate Foam ($ 17)

Keep your mullet from going too far back into ’80s territory by adding a little oomph to strands with this thickening powdered mousse that boosts volume.


1. Platinum Blonde

“Just as the mullet / wolf cut became popular thanks to Billie Eilish, it also leads the way with her platinum and bleach blonde hair color,” Northwood said. “After a boring year of lockdown, a lot of people are looking for a drastic change in their hair color, and the striking shades of white-blonde are where they are at.”

Have the look:

Bleach London Silver Shampoo ($ 15)

Once you’ve taken a cooler approach to blonde, steer clear of orange and yellow tones with a purple shampoo like this one from Bleach.

Kevin.Murphy Blonde Angel ($ 30)

This revitalizing blend of lavender flower and Brazil nut extracts nourishes weak, bleached hair and ensures color stays vibrant all season long.

2. Pumpkin patch

Fall is one of my favorite seasons for hair color, and we always see guests looking for a little change from summer, ”says Reed. “Beautiful auburn, copper and pumpkin hues will be on everyone’s wish list for the perfect luminous shade. that matches the landscape around you. “

dp Hue dp Hue Shiny Copper ($ 35)

This deeply conditioning semi-permanent hair color adds a shiny golden copper wash to blonde and light brown hair.

Davines Alchemical Red Shampoo ($ 30)

Ignite red tones with this rejuvenating auburn shampoo.


1. Wet ripples

When it comes to styling your own hair at home, there’s one editorial style that hairstylists say will make its way off the catwalks in real life: wet-looking waves. “This cool style is incredibly glamorous and a great look to experiment witht with for all the special events you have organized, ”says Standen-May. “With this style, the key is in the products you use. I love to mix hair gel and shine cream to create this look. “

Have the look:

IGK Hair Rich Kid Coconut Oil Gel ($ 29)

Standen-May uses a gel product, like the one from IGK Hair, to “smooth the facial hair for a more luxurious finish, then distribute the products with a comb over the rest of the hair.” Finish by using your hands to crumple the product through the ends to create that “effortless wet wave”.

Kevin.Murphy Shimmer.Shine ($ 31)

Finish the look with a shine spray to really enhance that wet finish.

2. A more discreet style

We’re convinced that embracing the natural texture of your hair is always a great look, but while fall trends generally call for heat styling and blow-drying, this year will certainly see an evolution towards more subdued looks. “It’s about getting the most out of your hair’s natural texture,” says Standen-May. “If you have natural curls or waves, now is the time to highlight them. Use a mousse or curl-defining product and scrunch it into damp hair before allowing it to air dry for a natural but flawless finish. “

Living proof Curl enhancer ($ 34)

This leave-in conditioning cream leaves curls and waves plump and defined.

Olaplex Intense Hydration Mask No. 8 Bond ($ 28)

Every hairstylist we spoke to recommended adding a mask to your fall hair routine, and they’re no better than this restorative formulation of Olaplex.

This article originally appeared on Who What Wear UK.

Following, How To Get French Girl Hair Effortlessly, According To A Parisian Stylist.

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4 mid-length styles that make fine hair look much thicker Thu, 12 Aug 2021 05:00:00 +0000

Thin hair can be difficult to style. Believe me, I know. I tried to do my natural thin hair looks thicker and more complete since I was in college and my mom let me get my hands on a hot tool. Since then I have traveled full of hairstyles, volumizing products and thickening techniques. Some worked, but most didn’t. It’s good. Somewhere along the way, I learned to live and work with my naturally thin hair (sigh), and the style I choose to wear it in has a lot to do with it. For example, I’ve learned that a sleek, straight style doesn’t do my thin hair a favor, which is why I tend to go for tousled, textured waves instead.

So yes, I had my opinion on the hairstyles that best suit my thinness, shoulder length hair, but I was wondering what the experts would say on the matter. Was I potentially missing a hairstyle that could make my thin hair look thick and full? I decided to find out. Keep scrolling to see the best hairstyles for thin and medium hair, according to expert stylists.

Hairstyle # 1: middle part with tousled waves

Jon reyman is a hairdresser and founder of Spoke & Weal salons. He says that a short, strong style is the best option for people with thin hair. “If the hair is fine and thin, I wouldn’t push it any further than it can go. A stronger, shorter haircut is better because it gives it a stronger setting,” he advises.

This is where a lob comes in. This style offers movement and body, as well as that strong setting that Reyman talks about. Just make sure to style it in tousled, textured waves. According to Alicia Bailey Watts, hair texture expert and gHead of Headline Education at Design Essentials, “loose, textured looks with waves or tousled curls” help “create the illusion of fullness in fine hair.”

T3 1 inch Lucea straightening flat iron (£ 120)

The only way for me to wave my hair is to run a flat iron through it. It creates the perfect lived-in look. This one from T3 is good for volume and shine (and prevents damage).

Sachajuan Shine Serum (£ 26)

A shine serum can make all the difference (especially when styling a sleek, centered lob). This one from Sachajuan leaves a sumptuous shine without film-forming residue.

Hairstyle # 2: Deep side part with tousled waves

Take a center lob and pair it with a deep side part, and you have an instant hairstyle that increases volume. “After shampooing and conditioning the hair, apply a leave-in conditioner and start blow-drying by over-orienting the hair using a round brush to create volume from the roots,” says Bailey. “Use a 1.5 inch flat iron or flat iron set at 300 ° to create waves or large curls. Then style with your fingers to separate the curls or waves to create the tousled look. deal with Design Essentials Training finishing spritz (£ 16) to hold waves or curls in place to help style longevity. “

Design essentials Training finishing spritz (£ 16)

Bailey recommends sealing in the look with this finishing spray from Design Essentials. It keeps “waves or curls in place to help style longevity.”

Oribe Grandiose Plumping Hair Mousse (£ 40)

Hairdresser Evan-joseph recommend using mousse to get a thick, full look. “I think a lot of products designed for thick hair will work on thin hair as long as it’s not heavy or overloaded with oils, butter, or synthetics,” he says. “Natural styling, even on thin, wavy hair, can give it lots of body and life while keeping it healthy.”

Hairstyle # 3: Long, textured layers

“Adding layers to thin hair will definitely help build volume effortlessly,” says Bailey Watts. Just make sure it’s long layers (not short, choppy layers) to ensure the most volume and movement. Use a texturizer to give them the perfect definition.

Moroccan oil Dry texture spray (£ 18)

This is one of my favorite texturizing sprays for fine hair. It adds definition and body without weighing my hair down or leaving it crisp or crisp.

K18 Molecular Repairing Leave-In Hair Mask (£ 55)

“K18 adds support to fine hair because it protects each strand and increases its longevity,” explains Reyman. “It penetrates deep into the hair cortex at the molecular level and strengthens each strand. For fine hair, every strand really matters. After treating the hair, I style it with hold-based products as they will add needed body. and emollients weigh hair down, leaving hair limp and giving it less body and volume. “

Hairstyle # 4: The Shag

Of course, it’s more of a hairto cut rather than a hairstyle. However, Bailey Watts says it’s the perfect option for people with thin hair, as the layers “help effortlessly build volume.” Plus, who doesn’t want to look cool and confident from the ’70s icons that made this look famous? For reference, I’m talking about people like Joan Jett, David Bowie, and Stevie Nicks. Most recently, it has been worn by Billie Eilish, Halle Berry, and Taylor Swift, among others.

Hershesons Almost All Cream (£ 10)

This versatile shaping cream defines natural texture and creates a light, lived-in volume.

Dyson Supersonic hair dryer (£ 300)

The right tools can make all the difference in getting the perfect blowout at home. We love this iconic Dyson tool, which is essentially the Tesla of hairdryers.

Next, 5 products we should all be using for healthy hair this summer.

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